1. Use comments liberally
Comments are one of the most important tools for writing clean and understandable code. Use them to explain what your code is doing, why you wrote it, and how it works. This will make it much easier for others (and future you) to understand what your code is doing.
2. Keep your code organized
Organizing your code can help make it more readable and easier to debug. One way to do this is to use indentation to create a hierarchy of code. For example, you might indent all the lines of code inside a for loop. This makes it clear that those lines of code are all part of the loop.
3. Use descriptive variable names
Using descriptive variable names can make your code much easier to read and understand. For example, instead of using a variable like “x”, try using a name that describes what the variable is storing, like “numDays”.
4. Avoid global variables
Global variables can be very dangerous because they can be accessed and changed by any part of your code. This can lead to unexpected results and make your code very difficult to debug.
5. Use proper coding conventions
Coding conventions are a set of guidelines for how to format your code. Following these conventions can make your code more readable and consistent with other developers’ code. There are many different conventions, but some common ones include using camel case (e.g. “myVariableName”), indenting with tabs or spaces, and using consistent spacing.
Problem: My code isn’t working!
If there are no error messages, the next step is to use a debugger to step through your code and see what is happening. This can be done in most web browsers by opening the Developer Tools and using the debugger tools.
Once you have found the problem, try to fix it and then test your code again. If you’re still having trouble, there are many resources available online that can help, such as the Mozilla Developer Network.